Common name: Siskin of Venezuela
Scientific name: Red Siskin
Size: 10 cm.
Gender: Spinus or carduelis (depending on version)
He was appointed in multiple ways depending on the language or country, Coloradito, Bird virgin Cardenalillo, Pintassilgo, Red Siskin, Tarin rouge du Venezuela, Siskin of Venezuela, but all these names refer to the "king of the spinus and carduelis' .
By 1920 a German breeder obtained hybrids between male and canary Siskin, and in 1930 another German breeder found that some hybrids were fertile Canarian males (F1), which descend all ranges of red factor canaries that exist present. This was the biggest gain in a short period of years in sports canary breeding, expanding and nearly doubling canaries ranges that existed at the date of discovery.
Sad for our small spinus dates because it was the beginning of his own end as a wild bird.
Until this discovery, Siskin was a bird like our goldfinch (carduelis carduelis) the male is captured by her beauty, but especially due to its pleasant song. Demand from Europe Siskin male was huge but unlike our goldfinch, siskin natural habitat was small.
As the name says, the Siskin is originally from Venezuela but also inhabited areas years ago of Colombia, specifically the state of Santander; today it has been missing in Colombia (has not been seen none since 1947).
60 years ago inhabited large areas of Venezuela, Trinidad and Tobago (possibly they were travelers from the interior of Venezuela as the islands are 15 kilometers from the coast), Curacao, Colombia Islands and was even reached gives view in Puerto Rico although it is believed they were birds that had escaped from their cages.
Currently, the Siskin is a really difficult species to find and even to hear his beautiful song in the wild, due to its size, numerical scarcity, scattered areas and always in small groups that often are relatives.
It is the most threatened bird Venezuela, its current distribution occupies less than 20% of the original; It inhabits only small areas of the states of Falcón, Lara, Miranda, Guarico, Anzoategui and Yaracuy.
Much of its former range is now occupied by short-grass meadows, but which were originally open deciduous forests. His food with seeds habit and custom of feeding at the boundaries of forests, make us assume that caudiciform forests could have been their preferred habitat. Often these forests are more grassy forests of evergreens, as a result of the greater amount of light that penetrates to the ground of the same when the trees lose their leaves, allowing the growth of the grass, while the dense and lingering shadow over the entire year in the evergreen forests prevents growth in their soils.
Siskin size is about 10 cm. (The female is slightly smaller), but specimens that inhabit the eastern part of Venezuela can measure between 10.4 and 10.8 cm .; these larger units also have a red lipocromo with different hue. The sexual dimorphism between the male and the female is clearly differentiated.
They feed on seeds, flowers, a variety of wild herbs, fruits and small insects, often on the edge of the woods, but being their staple diet of seeds is defined as granívoro.
Habitat temperatures are constant throughout the year, between 18 and 22 degrees Celsius and low humidity. The most common fringe habitat altitude ranges between 300 and 1000 meters.
Current estimates range from a minimum of 600-800 copies in Venezuela, to around 4,000 of the more optimistic sources. These more optimistic sources dating back eight years and since made contact with Venezuelan Ornithologists I have reported the observation of Siskin in the wild is now much more difficult than 6 or 7 years, so difficult makes it really is a miracle view and great Luckily I hear. Perhaps the amount of wild cardenalitos in 2000 could be between 1,500 and 2,000 copies, but it is feared that within 5 years are much less as wild birds captured, sold within Venezuela of course illegally prices more higher than those bred in captivity in Europe.
In Venezuela, a wild capture Siskin can be sold between 200 and 350 $ USA. The few that come to breed in captivity in that country are the farmers themselves are not arising from them.
The siskin wild breeding starts the rainy season (winter) and given the climatic conditions of the area, usually makes one nest; couples who start a second brood often fail and this is another problem added to deforestation and illegal catches.
Since 1952 and has request of the Venezuelan government has been listed as threatened, and the International Red Book is classified at risk for survival requiring urgent action. Its decline is dizzying and its inevitable extinction in a short period of years.
The protection of birds has unfortunately a serious drawback: it makes up the price of the units, as demand far exceeds supply, become parts coleccionimo and becomes the business of some solution to this problem desalmados.La It is that countries in the Americas facilitate the entry of captive bred and properly banded. The specimens bred in captivity in Europe are cheaper and stronger than the wild and also breed easily in captivity.
Standards for the newcomer
Many casualties have occurred the next day to get the birds to the home of its new owner. The Siskin is a restless bird and digestion of food and water consuming only takes 20 minutes.
That gives us an idea of what can happen if the animal drinks water in 16 hours and has also traveled in poor condition by a transportation agency with several others of his kind, and a completely new environment for him.
They are prone to hypotension and lowering blood glucose, which call for generalized stress; once entered into this process, some specimens being thirsty, they are unable to drink the water before them its peak, although they see others who do.
Upon arrival the birds to the new address must take the following precautions:
The birds above all must drink water. We'll put in a cage and observe all drink. If one does not because of the hardships of the journey, we will give water fingertip in (side) corner of the peak. We never will administer water syringe.
For a month they eat the above mixture. Any change in diet has to be progressive. Nothing sprouted. In very young birds, some hempseed soaked 24 hours as indicated below.
The water must be visible without adding any type of product. Besides drinking outer tube, bathtub.
Food visible (the first day not use external feeders chapel closed type). We should add some interior and open hanging feeder.
Yes newcomers birds put them in cages where others will have to be docile preferably females.
A little broccoli or endive, especially younger or who have not completed the move.
And especially not disturb much the newcomer. Eat, drink and bathe if they wish.
With unhurried days, the birds return to normal so that their care is identical to the birds we have at home. (Proportions in the mixture, feeder type, etc.)
We must also take into account the ambient temperature of the nursery of origin if the transfer occurs in winter bird; Therefore it is desirable done with the cardenalitos between July and October, as well as avoid problems with the temperatures, spend more time in our kennel which is very important in order to easy playback the next year.
Many breeders believe that the right to seize young cardenalitos time is once the move is complete. Other birds such as the goldfinch greenfinch or have more complicated sets of pen and is not suitable transfer on those dates, but for the Siskin is no problem and especially the females move very quickly; I still think that the more time they spend in their new home the cardenalitos, we will have more chances of success in breeding the following year.
Food and care
The cardenalitos not dig feeders such as canaries, so it is necessary to blow more often eaten grain husks.
The white knob contains a lot of protein, even more than the hemp seed, but some copies were too vitiate it; these do not have to add new mixture until they are quite rushed trough its obviously always blowing husks of grains eaten. We do not confuse with the white goatee Bruna (light brown) This knob little like the cardenalitos.
Always have a trough containing only birdseed (1st quality), some specimens not touch it, others only in moulting or in the winter season, but it is important to have it.
Vitamin complex for three days each month, the full rate but watching them drink as there are some individuals who refuse to drink water with additives.
In moulting add water multivitamin drink with amino acids, especially the males have a harder time making the move, and even more young males in their first molt.
Attentive to the oversupply of vitamin complexes with amino acids on the market; when you read the prospects seem miraculous, but experience shows that the years some help to move much better than others. Since animals do not talk, coloring with water!
In that first move, young people hang a piece of string for chopping distracted and not do with the feathers of his brothers.
Once a week a leaf of endive (vegetables sold in supermarkets bitter taste and we must accustom in winter) or some broccoli.
Do not abuse of vegetables and fruits since their abuse ends up being harmful to any bird.
Always have available to mineral gritt birds (I personally mineral mix, crushed shell and charcoal). All year cuttlefish.
The siskin spinus as all are not big eaters cake.
Morbid biscuits (maintenance type) oils carried easily just ranciando, if you have this we add the lack of seriousness on the packaging and expiry dates, go carefully in some biscuits. Morbid biscuits known brands have led to some friend of mine serious problems in their cardenalitos and quite low in his kennel.
I imagine that these problems are due mainly to the type and amount of added oils in their manufacture; To this we must add that the form and the shelf life of these cookies after use is not indicated on the packaging by the manufacturer.
Beware of some morbid biscuits, can spoil in one day the efforts of many years.
Only in the breeding and molting it is really essential to cake; a good dry cake you may add a small portion of morbid (controlling your state) and to this mixture add a little raw pipe ground (10% to 20%) and at the time of tasting move xanthine (red dye), 4 grams per kilo of cake, the latter only personally I do with juveniles, as the players not the pigment.
At cardenalitos bred hearty helping of wild plants, or used to watercress or spinach is not necessary to add dyes as the carotenoids obtained from these plants.
The siskin wild red factor achieved boost its herbal and wild berries, something like our European Linnet.
It is advisable to provide the typical male Siskin vitamin E that many breeders of canaries put before the breeding season. The male siskin, like all spinus are very vigorous, and good food is more than enough.
Excessive zeal in the male only creates problems of all kinds, including the clear eggs, and the male only be watching other males who heard singing, you start annoy the female and all will fertilize least.
Always use outside drinkers tube.
Bath facilitate the maximum possible days, love and it is advisable for your health, but put them in the morning bath or maximum noon. Moulting in the bathroom is even more important.
Once young people become independent, grouped by age and seek to separate mutated from normal, especially double dilution, to avoid being forced to make pens, be alone or accompanied only copies of his type of mutation.
There are areas of Spain where the tap water is too hard; speak not just of chlorine can evaporate added that allowing to stand, but lime waste that leaves the water.
The water with high content of chlorine, manganese and lime is not advisable either for us or for our cardenalitos.
I get very envious friends breeders Madrid and Galicia, where running water is much more
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